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The Lake Retba: A cup of milkshake prepared by nature

Ever heard of The Lake Retba?

It is an hour away from the capital city of Senegal and unlike anything you have ever seen before. This unusual lake depending on the day, changes colour from a light purple to deep scarlet pink. This remarkable water body called lake Retba or Lac Rose(French is the official language of Senegal) lies north of Cape Vert peninsula of Senegal north east of Dakar. It is well known for having been the end point of the famous Dakar rally which has since been relocated to South America.

Lake Retba

Lake Retba

A cup of milkshake prepared by nature

Its distinct pink coloration is caused by the salt-loving organism Dunaliella salina. The organism produces a red pigment in order to absorb the sunlight, thus giving the lake its unique pink colour. Its colour is especially visible during the dry season which lasts from November to June and less during the rainy season which lasts from July-October.

Because of its high salt content, not many living organisms are able to survive in the lake. This is why it serves mainly as a tourist attraction and salt production. For a huge part of the year, salt harvesting is the major activity of the lake. Salt farmers spend 10-12 hours a day in the water collecting salt from the lake bed with their skin coated with butter to protect them from the harsh salinity of the water.   When visiting the lake, you will be amazed by the array of the mountains of salt packed up next to the lake’s shore, the pink Colour of the lake’s water and the gold sand dunes on the other side of the Lac Rose.

Miss Rwanda 2015

On the 21st of February 2015,  at the Kigali Serena hotel, be part  the celebration as fifteen of Rwanda’s most beautiful girls compete for the coveted title: Miss Rwanda 2015. Contact World N Traveland for special package deal from Nigeria.

Rwanda: the land of a thousand hills

Ever wondered why it is referred to as the land of a thousand hills? Blessed with rich views of undulating terrains and green vegetation, it is undoubtedly what its referred to. Rwanda is an extremely beautiful country with great variety and beauty. Of course its not everyone’s first choice destination for honeymoons, Rwanda offers a blend of green scenery coupled with luxury feeling that would surely strike ones thought.

Located in East Africa, Rwanda is bordered by beautiful lush green beaches giving honeymooners a chance to indulge in beach/water activities and also renowned for its freshwater, is Lake Kivu which houses three resort towns; Gisenyi, Cyangugu and Kibuye. The Gisenyi town resort provides some of the best sauna bath, sun tan, swimming and beach club facilities and every year thousands of tourists visit this place. No doubt honeymooners around the world are looking “eastwards” in the direction Rwanda.

Still on Lake Kivu, the more adventurous honeymooners often embarks on The Congo Nile Trail which is an exciting ten day hiking experience that covers a wide range of fascinating attractions on Lake Kivu shores. There are a number of hiking trails in the magestic Virunga Mountains or you can enjoy cycling the area, boating on the Twin lakes or even try your hand at fishing.

Things to do in Rwanda

Inema Arts Center

Inema Arts Center is a collective of Rwandan creative artists. Specializing in contemporary African Arts, Crafts, Music, and Dance, the Center provides a space to fuel creative expression.

Inema Art

Mamba Club

Mamba Club is currently home to Kigali’s only Bowling alley. Besides the Bowling alley, Mamba club also offers plenty of recreational options that include Volleyball, Ping Pong, football, billiards and a swimming pool. The recreation center also has a full bar and restaurant that offers a variety of food choices.

Kigali Memorial Centre

Opened about ten (10) years after the genocide, the Kigali Memorial Centre was built to commemorate the Rwandan genocide in 1994. Since its opening, the Centre has welcomed over 100,000 visitors, including local Rwandans, young people and young leaders from around the Great Lakes region, politicians from the Great Lakes region and beyond — from countries throughout Africa and from the wider international community.

Kigali-memorial-centre

Kandt House Natural History Museum

The museum strives to represent the evolution of the ground, animals and plants, and to explain the interdependency between living beings and their environment. It attracts thousands of tourists yearly and is often used as an educational sightseeing for students.

Bird Watching and Gorilla Tracking

Amongst many available tours in Rwanda, Gorilla tracking and bird watching are most renowned. Rwanda house one-third of all the species of birds in Africa giving tourist a delicacy of view in the early hours of the morning along the sea shores. Getting close to the chimpanzee in their natural habitat is another adventurous experience tourists from all around the world are excited about.

Getting there

The national carrier for Rwanda is RwandAir and they run direct flights from Lagos to Kigali, the capital and it takes about four (4) hours to fly. Other airlines that fly from Lagos includes; Ethiopian Airlines, Kenya Airways and Arik Air.

Visa issuance:

Nationals of Nigeria can obtain a visa on arrival at Kigali airport. Visitors are required to hold proof of sufficient funds to cover their stay, confirmed hotel reservation and documents required for their next destination.

 

Health Information

Rwanda is currently Ebola-free. Nationals of Nigeria aren’t banned from visiting Rwanda.

Some Interesting facts about Nigeria

 

  1. Travel Visa was not required to travel to the United Kingdom till 1984.
  2.  In 1976, 75 kobo exchanged for one British Pound and 60 kobo for one US dollar.
  3. Nigeria, the biggest economy in Africa is 160th out of 177 countries in HDI (Human Development Index).
  4. Nigeria has the highest paid legislators in the entire world.
  5. Kano: In 1851, this city, one of the largest in Africa, made 10 million sandal pairs and 5 million hides for export every year.
  6. Yobe: The oldest discovered boat in Africa, and 3rd oldest on the world, the 8500 yr old Dufuna canoe was discovered by a Fulani herdsman in 1987 in Dufuna village, Fune LGA.
  7. Akwa Ibom: King Jaja of Opobo (1821–1891) founded Opobo city-state in 1867 and shipped palm oil to Britain independently of British middle men.
  8. 1st republic Aviation Minister, Chief Mbazulike Amaechi hid former South African President, Nelson Mandela, for six months in Nigeria to evade his arrest by the apartheid regime.
  9.  Activist Mrs. Fumilayo Ransome-Kuti travelled widely, including to the Eastern bloc (Hungary, USSR and China where she met Mao Zedong). These interactions angered Nigeria, Britain and America. America called her a communist and refused her a U.S. Visa.
  10. There are several Nigerian officials in the government of English speaking The Gambia.
  11. Lagos’ population in 1872 was 60,000. By 2015 it will be the third largest city in the entire world
  12. A brand new car sold for N2000 in 1975. A ticket to London was less than N100 in 1975

 

Going abroad? Here are 10 diseases you need to watch out for

As globalization continues to grow and dominate our trade, economy and lifestyles, the associated ease of access to remote regions of the world is reflected in our travels.

Increasing numbers of destinations worldwide have opened their arms to international travelers, but as you venture on your own travels, whether for business or pleasure, which infectious diseases could you be exposed to?

This article by Meera Senthilingam lists a number of diseases travelers need to be weary of

Dengue Fever

Dengue Fever

Locations: Caribbean, Central and South America, Western Pacific Islands, North Australia, South and South-East Asia, West and Sub-Saharan Africa.

This mosquito-spread virus can be found in many parts of the world and with no treatment or vaccine available yet, your only protection is to cover up and use insect repellent to keep the mosquitoes at bay. This species of mosquito, Aedes aegypti, bites throughout the day. Symptoms can take up to two weeks to develop and are flu-like, including fever, headache, nausea, vomiting and pain in the eyes, muscles and joints, and generally last for one week.

There are four different serotypes of the dengue virus, all of which are now found globally and whilst infection with one can give you immunity to that type in the future, infection with a second, third of fourth serotype can lead to more severe illness than the first exposure — such as Dengue hemorrhagic fever.

Schistosomiasis

Locations: Africa, the Middle-East, and some parts of South America, the Caribbean and South-East Asia.

Freshwater snails carry the schistosoma parasitic worm that causes this disease — also known as bilharzia. The snails release the worms’ larvae into contaminated freshwater rivers, lakes, ponds or wetlands, which then penetrate through skin, such as the soles of your feet.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the worm is endemic in 52 counties where water is contaminated with the feces of people infected with the worm, which contains parasitic eggs. Symptoms can take up to two months to develop and whilst some people never develop symptoms, others experience fever, chills, cough, and muscle aches within two months of infection. The extent of symptoms depends on the amount of parasite you have inside your body.

You can evade infection by avoiding swimming in freshwater and by heating water if needed for bathing. There is no vaccine available, but there is an effective and fast-acting treatment: The drug praziquantil will kill parasites within one to two days of treatment.

Original Title: A.funestus_1.50sRGB

Malaria

Locations: Africa, Central and South America, parts of the Caribbean, Asia, and the South Pacific.

Malaria is a parasitic disease spread by the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito. Symptoms include high fevers, shaking chills and flu-like illness, and if untreated malaria can progress to severe illness and even death. The WHO estimates there were 207 million cases of malaria in 2012.

No licensed malaria vaccine exists but preventative anti-malaria drugs are available and recommended for people traveling to endemic regions. A range of options is available, from weekly to daily pills. Wearing long clothing, regular use of repellants and sleeping in air-conditioned rooms or under insecticide-treated bed nets can help avoid bites. But if despite all this you still get infected, an effective treatment is available.

Yellow Fever

Locations: Tropical regions of Africa and South America.

The Aedes aegypti mosquitoes continue to wreak their havoc with the yellow fever virus, which can cause fever, chills, headache, backache and muscle aches. About 15% of people infected develop serious illness that can lead to bleeding, shock, organ failure and sometimes death. Some people become jaundiced, which is where the “yellow” comes from. The WHO estimates there are 200,000 cases of yellow fever each year, with 90% of them occurring in Africa.

As there is no treatment, the main method of protection is from a vaccine, which travelers need to receive at least 30 days before travel to get lifelong protection against the virus. If you are a seasoned traveler you will be familiar with the need to prove your vaccination with the yellow card provided after your injection, as countries with the disease, as well as those harboring this mosquito species, aim to prevent the disease spreading or entering their population. If traveling to remote locations, it might be wise to keep that card firmly inside your passport.

Tuberculosis-

Tuberculosis

Locations: Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe

A third of the world’s population is thought to be infected with tuberculosis (TB), which is the second greatest infectious cause of death globally (after HIV/AIDS). TB can occur in a “latent” state where people carry the bacteria without developing the disease itself. TB occurs in nearly every country but infections are more concentrated in developing countries, particularly in Asia, Africa and Eastern Europe.

This airborne disease is spread from person to person and infects mainly your lungs but can spread to other parts of the body.

There is a vaccination available but its protection in adults is limited. Its greatest protection is in young children yet to be exposed to the TB bacteria. Symptoms include a prolonged cough, weakness, tiredness, weight loss and night sweats. If diagnosed, TB is treatable and curable with an extensive course of antibiotics. However, drug-resistant forms of the disease have emerged globally.

Travelers’ Diarrhea

Locations: Highest risk in Indian subcontinent, North Africa and the Middle East, sub-Saharan Africa and South America.

This is a collective term for diarrhea caused by a range of bacteria, viruses or protozoa.

Transmission is generally through consuming contaminated food or water and though symptoms are usually mild, infections can ruin a vacation or business trip, causing dehydration, weakness and general inconvenience from numerous trips to the bathroom. It can be avoided by sticking to bottled water, making wise food choices and regularly washing your hands, as your immune system simply isn’t ready for those new, exotic micro-organisms.

GUINEA-HEALTH-EBOLA

Ebola

Location: Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, DR Congo, (Senegal has had an isolated case).

As of March 2014 this once remote and easily contained disease has gained international recognition. To date the current outbreak of Ebola Viral Disease (EVD) has reached five countries and those traveling to affected regions are advised to be aware of the symptoms, which include fever, rash, diarrhea, vomiting and red eyes. Alongside these symptoms, internal and external bleeding are also signs of the disease, which spreads from person to person by contact with infected body fluids, such as saliva, semen or blood. Small outbreaks continue to occur in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Ebola has no licensed vaccine or treatment and has fatality rates of up to 90% in infected people — but the virus requires very close contact with body fluids to be transmitted and is easily avoided with regular hand-washing and protective clothing — and avoiding contact with bodily fluids.

Typhoid Fever

Locations: Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and Central and South America. Highest risk in South Asia.

This bacterial disease is spread by contaminated food and water and the resulting fever can be life threatening. Symptoms begin as high fevers, weakness, stomach pains, headache, and loss of appetite. Travelers should get vaccinated before travel but as the vaccine only protects 50%-80% of recipients it’s wise to be careful about your choice of food and drink.

As with travelers’ diarrhea, stick to bottled water and avoid unpeeled fruit and vegetables, street food (as delicious as it may look) and ice in drinks. Typhoid fever can be treated with antibiotics but drug-resistant bacteria have begun to emerge so perhaps avoid that cucumber in your salad or that icy cocktail in the sunshine.

Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease

Locations: North America, Europe, Asia.

Lyme disease is mainly found in the northeastern, north central, and Pacific coastal regions of North America. It is caused by bacteria which spread through the bites of infected black leg ticks.

Symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans. If untreated the infection will spread to the joints, heart and nervous system. So when wandering through the wilderness be sure to protect yourself with insect repellant. But as infected ticks need to be attached for 36-48 hours or more before the Lyme disease bacterium can be transmitted, effective spotting and removal of ticks from your body will also prevent you from getting infected.

If caught early the disease is treatable with antibiotics.

Hepatitis A

Location: Most of the developing world.

The Hepatitis virus has many forms (A, B, C and D) but Hepatitis A is the one most travelers should be aware of as it spreads through contaminated water and uncooked food. The disease is closely linked to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation and poor personal hygiene and is one of the most frequent causes of foodborne infection.

There is a safe and effective vaccine available against the virus, which most travelers are advised to have, but again, wise food and drink choices are recommended to avoid the resulting liver disease and potentially severe illness. Symptoms include fever, malaise, loss of appetite, diarrhea, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark-colored urine and jaundice. WHO estimates show 1.4 million cases of Hepatitis A each year. There is no treatment for the disease other than rehydration and supportive treatment for the weeks or months of recovery time required.

This article was culled from cnn.com

Nigeria suspends airline for bringing Ebola victim into country

Nigeria-Civil-Aviation-Authority

The Nigerian government has suspended all ASky Airline flight operations to Nigeria over the transportation of an Ebola virus victim into the country.

Benedict Adeyileka, acting director-general of Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) announced the decision in a statement in Lagos, the nation’s economic hub.

The west African nation regulatory authority had to take the action to protect Nigerians from the deadly Ebola virus, currently ravaging some parts of Africa, the director general said.

ASky Airline is an important player in East, West and Central Africa, operating 80 flights into Lagos and Abuja weekly.

The airline last week flew a Liberian infected with Ebola virus into Lagos, where he died.

Adeyileka said the Country Manager of ASky had been invited to explain issues relating to the trip but that he could not offer any conclusive or substantial evidence on the matter.

According to him, the airline manager did not demonstrate any capacity to be able to prevent a reoccurrence or possible transportation of Ebola victims into Nigeria.

This is contrary to the provision of Article 14 of the Chicago Convention, 1944, which states that “each contracting State agrees to take effective measures to prevent the spread by means of air navigation, of cholera.”

Also of typhus, smallpox, yellow fever, plague and such other communicable diseases as the contracting state shall from time to time decide to designate.

The International Civil Aviation Organization has similarly prescribed measures in Annex 9 to the Convention which a state must take to prevent the spread of communicable disease in the event of an outbreak.

The Nigerian official added that the lives of millions of Nigerians were too precious to be risked on the platter of negligence of an airline.

Adeyileka directed the Directorate of Air Transport Regulation to proceed to write a letter of investigation to the airline.

He said the agency would also write to other airlines operating into and out of Nigeria to ensure they put in place all necessary preventive measures during screening of passengers.

Source: ecns.cn , www.eturbonews.com

Some Interesting facts about Nigeria

  1. Travel Visa was not required to travel to the United Kingdom till 1984.
  2.  In 1976, 75 kobo exchanged for one British Pound and 60 kobo for one US dollar.
  3. Nigeria, the biggest economy in Africa is 160th out of 177 countries in HDI (Human Development Index).
  4. Nigeria has the highest paid legislators in the entire world.
  5. Kano: In 1851, this city, one of the largest in Africa, made 10 million sandal pairs and 5 million hides for export every year.
  6. Yobe: The oldest discovered boat in Africa, and 3rd oldest on the world, the 8500 yr old Dufuna canoe was discovered by a Fulani herdsman in 1987 in Dufuna village, Fune LGA.
  7. Akwa Ibom: King Jaja of Opobo (1821–1891) founded Opobo city-state in 1867 and shipped palm oil to Britain independently of British middle men.
  8. 1st republic Aviation Minister, Chief Mbazulike Amaechi hid former South African President, Nelson Mandela, for six months in Nigeria to evade his arrest by the apartheid regime.
  9.  Activist Mrs. Fumilayo Ransome-Kuti travelled widely, including to the Eastern bloc (Hungary, USSR and China where she met Mao Zedong). These interactions angered Nigeria, Britain and America. America called her a communist and refused her a U.S. Visa.
  10. There are several Nigerian officials in the government of English speaking The Gambia.
  11. Lagos’ population in 1872 was 60,000. By 2015 it will be the third largest city in the entire world
  12. A brand new car sold for N2000 in 1975. A ticket to London was less than N100 in 1975

Ten Interesting Facts About Mauritius

1. Mauritius is the most densely populated country in Africa and the 17th most densely populated country in the world.

2. Among all developing countries, Mauritius has the highest life expectancy at 73 years.

3. The legendary dodo bird was found only in Mauritius before it became extinct.

4. Despite its extinction, the dodo remains Mauritius’ national animal.

5. Mauritius is an island created by underwater volcanic eruptions. The first people to set foot on it were the Portuguese.

6. Mark Twain has been quoted as saying, “You gather the idea that Mauritius was made first, and then heaven, and that heaven was copied after Mauritius.”

7. Mauritius does not maintain a standing army.

8. While many countries consider it polite to receive gifts with both hands, Mauritians prefer to receive things with the right hand only.

9. The top money earner for the economy of Mauritius is sugarcane, which is planted on 90% of the country’s arable land.

10. The name of Mauritius is a derivation from the name of Maurice de Nassau, a prince of the Orange principality, a former feudal state of Provence.

Read more at http://www.travelingeast.com/africa/mauritius/ten-interesting-facts-about-mauritius/

How Christmas is celebrated in Africa

To an average African, the month of December means celebration, a season of fun, love sharing and merriment. Time to be spent with family, friends and love ones.  Family members abroad come home to spend the much celebrated holiday with families… Shopping is done for Christmas clothes, shoes, presents, Christmas trees and Christmas decorations.  Fun fairs are organized for kids, parties and get together are organized by companies to close up for the year. Colorful decorations are seen everywhere from companies to cinemas to churches to houses and many more. The streets are dazzling with vibrant adornment here and there.  Christmas carols services are held in many worship centers.

Baobab Tree Lights

Baobab Tree Lights

Christmas Day………
The much awaited Christmas day is here!  Top on the itinerary for the day is to attend the worship centers where much celebration would be done. Shouts of joy can be heard from such places and people are eager to go back home to continue the celebration with a good and hearty dinner.

Christmas Dinner
As in most Christian cultures, celebrating Christmas dinner with friends and family tops the list after attending church. In most countries Christmas is a public holiday and people take the opportunity to visit friends and family. In East Africa goats are quickly snapped up at the local markets and roasted on Christmas day. In South Africa the sun is hot and the beaches are full of families enjoying braais (bbq’s) or traditional Christmas dinners with paper hats, mince pies, turkey and plum pudding (a vestige of the British colonial legacy.) In Ghana and Nigeria Christmas dinner is not complete without a round of rice with chicken stew or pounded yam with vegetable soup accompanied with goat or cow meat, fufu with okra soup and in Liberia rice, beef and biscuits are the order of the day. Zimbabweans make sure there are plenty of bread, jam and tea to eat along with their goat meat. This is the most interesting part of the day as it features most families coming together with friends and love ones to have a swell time together.
Fun, fun, fun!!!
Right after the dinner, the rest of the day is taken off in enjoyment. Everybody goes in different direction of what is fun to them. Youngsters go out with friends to already organized parties thrown for the celebration. Older ones go to visit friends and children are taken to funfairs, parties or friends house to continue in the fun spirit. The entire community is bustling with joyous rhymes of music playing from every corner, greetings of happy Christmas is heard here and there, children are having a great time with their momentary freedom, and youths are partying hard in the celebration. The entire place is enriched in happy moods.
Christmas in Africa is a mixture of spiritual, cultural and social activity and is enjoyed to its peak regardless of the present situation of the individual, community, city or country. The Christmas gives hope to Africans and keeps their faith going that all will be well. Right after Christmas celebration, everybody starts the preparation for New Year.

Discover LAGOS, Nigeria

Truly the Africa’s big apple, the city of Lagos is tentatively becoming a must-visit on the continent of Africa.

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